This material is excerpted from the book, Numbers aren’t nasty: A workbook of spatial concepts, by David J. Unwin, Emeritus Professor of Geography.
A description of the entire workbook and a downloadable copy are here.

"In this chapter we develop student’s appreciation of the basic spatial concepts of area itself, shape, adjacency and pattern."

Chapter 5: Area: the devil’s variable?

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Exercise (20): Types of area on maps
  • 5.3 Exercise (21): Colour maps for area objects
  • 5.4 Exercise (22): Chloropleth maps for area objects
  • 5.5 Exercise (23): Measuring area
  • 5.6 Exercise (24): What do we mean by shape?
  • 5.7 Exercise (25): Mapping area data using OpenGeoDa™
  • 5.8 Exercise (26): Using OpenGeoDa™ to compute a spatial weights matrix
  • 5.9 Exercise (27): Spatial autocorrelation and pattern
  • 5.10 Exercise (28): Global spatial autocorrelation using OpenGeoDa™
  • 5.11 References

You may download the PDF below