Battista (1990)

Spatial Visualization and Gender Differences in High School Geometry

van Garderen (2006)

Spatial Visualization, Visual Imagery, and Mathematical Problem Solving of Students With Varying Abilities Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate students’ use of visual imagery and its relationship to spatial visualization ability while solving mathematical word problems. Students

Golledge, et al. (2008)

THE LAST GLACIATION OF SHETLAND, NORTH ATLANTIC Keywords: glaciation; Shetland; glacial landsystems; Scotland; North Atlantic ABSTRACT. Evidence relating to the extent, dynamics, and relative chronology of the last glaciation of the Shetland Islands, North Atlantic, is presented here, in an

Marsh, et al. (2008)

Keywords: geospatial concept lexicon; geospatial task ontology; Minimal GIS; spatial thinking; support system As geographic information systems (GIS) are increasingly implemented in K–12 classrooms, the risk becomes one of teaching “buttonlogy” or simply how to point and click to complete

Golledge (1995)

Abstract:  A minimal set of primitives for building sets of spatial concepts is presented. These are needed for understanding the many GIS being circulated today. Using primitives of identity, location, magnitude, and time, simple and more complex spatial concepts can

Kaufman (2004)

Abstract: An exercise to help improve the geographic skills of preservice teachers was developed and tested during a six year period on over 500 students. The exercise required these students to map two arrangements of roads and facilities within a

Kastens and Ishikawa (2006)

Learning geoscience and becoming a professional geoscientist require high-level spatial thinking. Thus, geoscience offers an intriguing context for studying people’s mental representations and processes as they pertain to large-scale, three-dimensional spatial cognition and learning, from both cognitive science and geoscience